[ Free Pdf ] The Making of the Fittest: DNA and the Ultimate Forensic Record of EvolutionAuthor Sean B. Carroll – Kairafanan.co

DNA Is The Genetic Material That Defines Us As Individuals Over The Last Two Decades, It Has Emerged As A Powerful Tool For Solving Crimes And Determining Guilt And Innocence But, Very Recently, An Important New Aspect Of DNA Has Been Revealed It Contains A Detailed Record Of Evolution That Is, DNA Is A Living Chronicle Of How The Marvelous Creatures That Inhabit Our Planet Have Adapted To Its Many Environments, From The Freezing Waters Of The Antarctic To The Lush Canopy Of The Rain ForestIn The Pages Of This Highly Readable Narrative, Sean Carroll Guides The General Reader On A Tour Of The Massive DNA Record Of Three Billion Years Of Evolution To See How The Fittest Are Made And What A Eye Opening Tour It Is One Featuring Immortal Genes, Fossil Genes, And Genes That Bear The Scars Of Past Battles With Horrible Diseases This Book Clinches The Case For Evolution, Beyond Any Reasonable Doubt

10 thoughts on “The Making of the Fittest: DNA and the Ultimate Forensic Record of Evolution

  1. says:

    An interesting if somewhat scattered tour through genes focusing on evolutionary proofs Preface Beyond Any Reasonable Doubt was too long there is an introduction Redundant do one or the other Basically he s going to make a case for evolution that proves it beyond a reasonable doubt just using DNA No need to convince me I doubt it will convince anyone who believes in magic, but I like the premise.Introduction The Bloodless Fish of Bouvet Island is about the ice fish of Antarctica Very wild adaptation it s interesting how it came about.The Everyday Math of Evolution Chance, Selection, and Time is excellent I ve always said that people like my neighbors who believe in Creationism are just bad with numbers Of course, they re stuck in a 6,000 year time frame, so magic is the only answer Anyway, he spends some time with probabilities statistics that make sense of how changes can multiply It s not the best explanation I ve read, though He tends to wander around too much.Immortal Genes Running in Place for Eons were something I d heard about, but never heard defined before His definition was foggy, but I got the gist A few basic processes are necessary the genes that control them haven t changed because when they do, the life form dies.Making the New from the Old is about genes changing over time Really interesting example of our eyesight We have trichromatic vision now, but many most mammals don t, yet many reptiles, birds, such do Our common ancestor did Apparently when mammals were little hunted things, we lived at night so color wasn t important we became dichromatic As we became day dwellers, we redeveloped color perception, but in different ways Great examples between the genetics of New Old World monkeys.Fossil Genes Broken Pieces of Yesterday s Life Use it or lose it, as with color vision Genes will mutate If they don t cause a survival issue, the broken gene just becomes broken until it is a fossil If the broken gene does cause a survival issue, then natural selection sees that it isn t passed on.Deja Vu How and Why Evolution Repeats Itself Life adapts or dies off How it adapts may look very similar but is often done through different mechanisms Great examples with the specific needs of sight as compared to coloring which can be accomplished in many ways.Our Flesh and Blood Arms Races, the Human Race, and Natural Selection Arms races between species make for fast evolution we ve seen some in our own race Several good examples, although the malaria one didn t fully mesh with what I ve read before I was rather disappointed in the uneven description.The Making and Evolution of Complexity is about how complex structures develop out of simple ones Again, a lot of really good info, but he never really went through the steps in a cohesive manner.Seeing and Believing held some horrific examples of where ideology overshadowed science to the detriment of all The main example was the denial of genetics by the USSR Along with collectivism, this led to millions starving This is the same sort of ignorance held by many fundamentalist Protestants here in the US Thankfully, the Catholic church has recently finally recognized evolution then there is the Clergy Letter Project, religious groups leaders who are willing to write to school boards such to keep religion out of science Carroll also provides examples of why intelligent design isn t science.I had no idea chiropractors were against vaccination such I go to one occasionally every 3 5 years to get my back cracked, generally my left sacroiliac When it goes out, nothing makes in better until a strong chiropractor snaps it back into place Then I have to be careful keep a rolled up towel to brace it while sitting for a while Definitely not a placebo effect, so I don t think they re all completely full of crap, but many scientists doctors think so, including a couple of very good orthopedic surgeons I knew well who couldn t fix that pain Well, even a stopped clock is right twice a day.The Palm Trees of Wyoming is a grim ending He points out the wonderful fossils unearthed in Utah during the building of the transcontinental railroad the sort of creatures climate it shows Fittest is fleeting, even precarious He then goes on give some horrifying stats on sea life its degradation Also a big horn sheep example It s plain scary Even when we finally get around to protecting a species, we may well have altered the balance too much for the species or even the ecosystem to recover One of his examples is the Chesapeake Bay I grew up gathering crabs in a hand net tossing them into a bushel basket in an inner tube tied to my waist with a rope Even my 7 year old self could get a respectable catch in an hour of wading through the grasses That area, along with over a third of the bay, is now a dead zone No crabs, no grass in less than half a century Horrifying.This last chapter is fantastic by far the best argument he made for evolution Without understanding evolutionary ecological forces, we re doing this to our entire world It s not just one species that we hunt to extinction, but all the other parts of the ecosystem that depend on them.This book isn t going to convince anyone who doesn t believe in evolution that it does exist Carroll s arguments were too scattered He seems like a smart guy I loved all the neat facts, but he rarely brought them together properly Still, it was quite interesting especially when put together with other books on evolution genetics Unseen Diversity The World of Bacteria Venomous How Earth s Deadliest Creatures Mastered Biochemistry also blend well with it.

  2. says:

    I read this book over the course of an entire semester of college, as it was assigned for my Ecology, Evolution Society Biology class That being said, I am sad to see it come to an end as this semester winds to a close as well I had begun to look forward to the new piece of evidence or explanation for natural selection that Carroll provided with each new chapter He presents a myriad of examples in very simplified way, so as to provide readers with an easier and comprehensive way of understanding the mechanisms of evolution He does so by utilizing the newest way in which scientists have begun to understand evolution and shared ancestry through DNA.With each chapter, Carroll clearly explains the inner workings of evolution, and presents new and interesting findings and statistics that you might have never heard of before Upon finishing this book, you will have a new wealth of knowledge regarding the ways in which species interact with one another to foster the grand ecosystem that is the tree of life Every organism, even the most seemingly insignificant ones, have a purpose in the world, for each organism is but a puzzle piece within the constantly changing web or organisms The fittest is a conditional phase, and no organism is guaranteed to be at the top of the hierarchy forever Thus, we are all in an evolutionary arm s race of sorts I think our status as animals sharing this earth among many others who must run just as fast as us to keep up with nature, is quite beautiful, if you think about it I recommend this book for anyone who is interested in biology, evolution, Darwinism, etc Those who are beginners in biology people who lack a sufficient scientific background will be pleased to find that Carroll makes this understandable and interesting for the average Joe 10 10

  3. says:

    Gobsmacking From convergent evolution to fossil genes we are here taken through a breathtaking journey into the realm of evolution, with DNA s point of view as sole guide and captain.Sean B Carroll s genocentrism is captivating, fascinating, enlightening His writing style is engaging and very accessible The whole is a great work absolutely impossible to put down until the last line of the last page Brillantly, he also argues for a better recognition of evolutionary science those impact, from environmental issues to medicine cannot be underestimated About, he s not afraid to blow away anti evolutionary fantasies from Lyssenko s case in the USSR to the contemporary and burning debate around the so called Intelligent Design Fantastic

  4. says:

    I studied evolution for the first time at age 26 in a first year biology for science majors course at Utah State University Amazingly at least, it seems amazing to me now, knowing how foundational evolutionary principles are to every aspect of modern biology , evolution was never even mentioned in my high school biology class, nor was it seriously touched upon in any class I took at Brigham Young University, beyond professors referring us to official Church statements on evolution which basically boil down to the Church takes no official stand on the matter I can t blame them for their reluctance, since despite the Church s official open mindedness on the subject, BYU faculty had received specific instruction from Boyd K Packer, then acting president of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, not to teach evolution at BYU So, even though some members of BYU faculty were themselves involved in evolutionary biology research you can t really do biology research that doesn t take into account evolutionary principles because it s such a foundational concept , they were instructed NOT to teach these principles to their students.So I went into that Utah State biology course with a lot of cultural baggage I knew going into it that evolution would be one of the main things we d study, and I steeled myself against believing in a scientific theory that I d been warned first by a well intentioned mother when I was in the 5th grade, and strengthened by a an ardently anti evolution Institute teacher went against the teachings of the Bible and was incompatible with a belief in a Creator God Luckily, my biology professor a great and compassionate teacher and scientist named Frank Messina knew his audience about half active Mormons well enough to know that we d need to get over that cultural hurdle before we could get excited about studying evolution He recommended some books by LDS scientists willing to write candidly about their experiences with the intersection of science and faith one of the best was Reflections of a Scientist by Henry Eyring Reading those books, I considered for the first time the possibility that my faith and the study of evolution might not be incompatible Because of that, I was able to really delve into the subject that semester and grew to really love it for all its highly nuanced simplicity Dr Messina taught two units that semester evolution and ecology It started to hit home with me how fundamental a principle evolution is when I realized how much it informed our understanding of ecology, and I eventually came to see how it underpins our understanding of everything in biology.I thoroughly enjoyed this book The Making of the Fittest It was dense enough reading that I ended up checking it out from the library several times because I d have to put it down for a while and absorb before picking up again where I d left off It was a great review of the basics of evolutionary biology, and also taught me new things that have been discovered in the ten years since I took that college biology course In the second to last chapter, the author switches gears and talks about the underpinnings of the perceived need by some to deny evolution And in the final chapter, he gives an impassioned and convincing argument for the importance of understanding the mechanisms of evolution not just for scientists, but for policymakers, natural resource managers, and anyone who interacts with the natural world which, whether we realize it or not, is all of us I highly, highly recommend this one.

  5. says:

    In a country where the teaching of evolutionary biology is being suppressed in the schools, and where very few people actually UNDERSTAND what evolution is, this book could not have come at a better time It is a very engaging introduction or review of the principle of evolution, meant for laypeople who care enough to be in the know Many might be surprised to know that what we know about evolution is not only based on the fossil record but on the DNA record In the same way we can trace paternity, DNA also bears the marks left by millions of years of evolution So it makes no sense that the same people who put their trust in DNA tests that identify the father of a child or determine the guilt or innocence of criminals are the same folks who do NOT trust the DNA tests that give undisputable proof of the reality of evolution The book also deals head on with the anti evolution sentiments, and just how such ignorance could endanger our very survival, in light of how evolutionary science has helped us fight diseases, battle cancer, insure a reliable food supply all the things that we take for granted in our comfortable, modern existence.

  6. says:

    trichromatic vision sickle blood cells anti evolution, anti vax unnatural selection

  7. says:

    Although it tends at times to be too dry and formal for a pop sci book, this is a well built explanation of the genetics behind evolution, and has a lot of valuable things to say.The book s best points are definitely the scientific and historical anecdotes at the beginning of each chapter Carroll s voice at these points becomes much lively and engaging When he goes to explain the science behind, say, the bloodless icefish of the South Ocean, he immediately reverts to a scholarly tone that has probably lost this book a lot of readers I read Endless Forms Most Beautiful The New Science of Evo Devo than a year ago, and found it really hard going for a lot of the same reasons I suspect The Making of the Fittest DNA and the Ultimate Forensic Record of Evolution was written to explain what readers of that book were presumed to understand already I wish now that I d read this one, first, and might pick up Endless Forms again to see if it makes sense this time.Overall, I really recommend The Making of the Fittest It requires careful, active reading, but in the end I found it well worth the effort I ll definitely be on the lookout for Carroll s other work

  8. says:

    Read this one years ago, and just found it on audio I enjoyed it almost as much now as I remember doing so then Not a ton of ground shifting information for those that have an interest in evolution and history of science, but still an important pop sci book.

  9. says:

    Carroll starts out by talking about forensic use of DNA evidence in criminal cases, where we rely on DNA evidence to determine guilt or innocence, often in cases where the death penalty or long imprisonment is at stake He explains, in simple terms, how this works and why it matters.And then he explains the contradiction between the wide popular acceptance of DNA evidence by the general public, and the widespread resistance to or rejection of evolution.Organized in three main sections, Carroll lays out, first, how DNA analysis works, why it is solid evidence of evolution, and how it enables us to decipher the evolutionary history of organisms what it tells us about how evolution has worked, focusing on specific examples such as the evolution of vision in insects, primates, cetaceans, and fish, and why Antarctic ice fish have no hemoglobin in their blood and finally, the major arguments against evolution and responses to them.The book is written in clear, understandable terms Carroll acknowledges that some of the concepts are complex, but says they re both important and within the ability of the reader to understand, and then proceeds to explain them in an accessible way without talking down to his readers In the audio version, we don t get the benefit of seeing the figures and illustrations while listening to the text, but in the audio CD edition, they are included on the final disk In the final section, refuting objections to evolution, Carroll is respectful and never mocks those he disagrees with, but is absolutely firm and clear about why they are wrong.Patrick Lawlor, as the reader, is excellent, with a clear, expressive voice that captures, I think, exactly the tone that Sean Carroll intended.Highly recommended.I borrowed this book from a friend.

  10. says:

    Dr Carroll is a well respected biologist and a contemporary Darwin scholar.He shares his original insights and connects them to the latest research in evolutionary biology.The book will anger some conservative Christians It will also frustrate many chiropractors, and well as the occasional Soviet communist.The tone is a bit arrogant, but the explanations of the DNA record are clear and accessible for anyone with a knowledge of high school biology and genetics.The story moves briskly and clearly than I thought possible.If you re interested in learning about the evidence behind Darwinian evolution, you need to read this book I particularly enjoyed reading about the ice fish, an animal completely free of red blood cells You ll find a favorite anecdote or two as well.I give it my highest recommendation