{download Audiobooks} The Sun, the Genome and the Internet: Tools of Scientific RevolutionsAuthor Freeman Dyson – Kairafanan.co

In This Visionary Look Into The Future, Freeman Dyson Argues That Technological Changes Fundamentally Alter Our Ethical And Social Arrangements And That Three Rapidly Advancing New Technologies Solar Energy, Genetic Engineering, And World Wide Communication Together Have The Potential To Create A Equal Distribution Of The World S Wealth Dyson Begins By Rejecting The Idea That Scientific Revolutions Are Primarily Concept Driven He Shows Rather That New Tools Are Often The Sparks That Ignite Scientific Discovery Such Tool Driven Revolutions Have Profound Social Consequences The Invention Of The Telescope Turning The Medieval World View Upside Down, The Widespread Use Of Household Appliances In The S Replacing Servants, To Cite Just Two Examples In Looking Ahead, Dyson Suggests That Solar Energy, Genetics, And The Internet Will Have Similarly Transformative Effects, With The Potential To Produce A Just And Equitable Society Solar Power Could Bring Electricity To Even The Poorest, Most Remote Areas Of Third World Nations, Allowing Everyone Access To The Vast Stores Of Information On The Internet And Effectively Ending The Cultural Isolation Of The Poorest Countries Similarly, Breakthroughs In Genetics May Well Enable Us To Give Our Children Healthier Lives And Grow Efficient Crops, Thus Restoring The Economic And Human Vitality Of Village Cultures Devalued And Dislocated By The Global Market Written With Passionate Conviction About The Ethical Uses Of Science, The Sun, The Genome, And The Internet Is Both A Brilliant Reinterpretation Of The Scientific Process And A Challenge To Use New Technologies To Close, Rather Than Widen, The Gap Between Rich And Poor


10 thoughts on “The Sun, the Genome and the Internet: Tools of Scientific Revolutions

  1. says:

    I was surprised by this book I thought it would just be all wow, technology, cool But it was actually about how to thoughtfully and ethically use technology to bring about social justice Technology shouldn t just be about making new toys for the rich, but it should be about developing ways to level the playing field for everyone in the world One thing I found that was very interesting was the accounts of how technological advances will often liberate one group of people while taking away the freedom of another group One example given in the book was the rise of househould appliances in the early twentienth century The servant class was done away with in those days, middle class families might have multiple servants , but middle class women then lost much freedom when they had to return to household duties.Dr Dyson, a physicist, sees solar energy, genetic engineering, and the Internet as the tools to bring about this social revolution I would be interested in seeing an updated version of this book because this was written over ten years ago, and a lot has changed since then Internet access still isn t freely available everywhere, but it sure is better than it was in the late 90 s.


  2. says:

    The finer technical details are absent in this book as it is a series of transcripts but the concepts are solid.The optimism herein is overwhelming and well asserts that, given sufficient altruism and purpose, the progress of humanity has no definite limit Had the various powers that be heeded this man s advice, the world would surely be a comfortable place than it is right now Luckily, it is still possible to get better.


  3. says:

    A bit of an interesting exercise to see how visions of the future can change in just 20 years So far bioengineering hasn t done quite so much as Dyson had hoped, but he was right about the internet in fact he almost underestimated its impact He underestimated AI, as it had reached a temporary lull in the late 90s and people were beginning to doubt it again, but it s definitely making its comeback Progress on solar energy has been fairly disappointing As a quick little time capsule of the state of some technologies at a point in time, not a bad read.


  4. says:

    This books is actually a group of 3 lectures given by Freeman Dyson compiled into a book They cover really 3 interesting topics the nature of scientific revolutions, technology as a means of promoting social justice, and humanity s future in space Dyson, opposing Kuhn s idea based revolution, believes in instrument based revolution, and that availability of cheap scientific instruments is what really drives scientific revolutions He uses the example of steam engines, telescopes, and other devices to support his argument He also compares the Human Genome Project, the Apollo Missions, and the Sloan Digital Sky survey to show how high and low costs can differentiate between sustainable and sustainable technologies To conclude, he explains how a cheap gene sequencer and a cheap protein imager could lead to a biotech revolution The next essay deals with how technology can be used as a means for making for a equitable future He uses the example of how appliances essentially removed the servant class in Britain However he also points out technology can lead to negative social effects, such as how appliances essentially forced middle class women back into the home during the mid 1950 s 1960 s With this in mind, Dyson suggests that the the sun, genetic engineering, and the Internet would reduce poverty The sun would serve as a cheap source of power, genetic engineering would allow for the creation of factory trees biologically engineered trees that could produce anything from plastic to computer chips Finally, the Internet would provide a access to information and markets All this together would remove property The final essay deals with life in outer space, and how we can become a part of it He discusses the possibility of fish on Europa and how we should look for freeze dried fish and bacteria as evidence of life on other planets He also looks at 3 alternatives for getting into space laser propulsion shooting a laser at a surface, causing it to propel upwards , ram accelerator a long pipe of various volatile gases for shooting things into space , and a slingatron a device that spins object into high speed, and then launches them upwards These quixotic idea have their pros and cons, but are possible alternatives to chemical rockets He finally looks at man s future in space with genetically enegineered warm blooded plants and factory trees These lectures contain madness, but their is method in it Freeman has a reputation as a bit of a rebel, and a lot of these ideas do go against the common mind But his sheer creativity and study of such original ideas makes this book something of a scientific wonderland, filled with sights, sounds, and inspiration for a young scientist.


  5. says:

    Drawn from a series of public lectures, this is the mind of Freeman Dyson at its most fertile The book bubbles with creative ideas even if my instinct throughout was to treat it as yet another item of that curious genre speculative science faction.He writes clearly and, very unusually amongst the top level of scientists let alone applied mathematicians, his genius is capable of understanding history and society Indeed, I suspect that he would have made a very fine historian if he had taken a very different route in life.However, a decade and a half on from the lectures, very little of what he has predicted all of which I have no doubt is feasible has come to pass He seems to have been looking in the wrong direction than once His speculations are than a little utopian.This is a little odd because he has a highly intelligent approach to the effect of politics on technological investment There are some very acute observations on failures to be cost effective One might have expected him to have been a little cautious on that ground alone.While mildly stimulated, I did not get a great deal out of the book because it was simply not grounded enough in the world I think that I am living in He was persuasive, as a Kuhn sceptic, on one thing though that technique and tools drive science as much as concepts and models.His argument for scientific development as a craft process with many incremental changes and cross fertilisations, with investment by scientists themselves in the machinery that enables discovery, is well taken It made me rethink how thought and application exist in close dialectic.But there is so much material here, so much inventiveness, so much intellectual creativity and so many leaps that the book leaves one wondering precisely what one has learned that is useful That may be unfair but one wanted not ideas but clearer thread for those already offered Like contemporary science fiction, speculative science faction throws so much at the reader that the tale often spins away far from the credible and the useful and the human That so little of the implicit prediction appears to be materially present today seems to confirm a lack of groundedness.Oh, we poor mortals unable to deliver what our intellectual gods demand of us


  6. says:

    Um bom livro sobre tecnologia, mas um pouco envelhecido.O autor genial, levando se em conta a idade do livro.Aventura se a fazer previs es, no s culo passado, a respeito de IA, Astronomia e altera es gen ticas.Mostra as formas de propuls o de foguetes na poca e o custo alto para o homem aventurar se em outros planetas, mas estima que em 2085 o homem enviar os primeiros colonos para outros astros.Vale a leitura para ver que a IA que lograra derrotar Kasparov Xadrez dava seus passos incipientes e que reas como Genoma penavam em contraste com a astronomia, posto que na biologia, poucos pesquisadores desenvolviam seu pr prio software.


  7. says:

    Rating A A another excellent essay collection by Dyson.The Sun, the Genome, and the Internet covers scientific revolutions, technology and social justice, and the exploration and colonization of space familiar Dyson topics all, and delivered with his usual grace The three items in the title comprise Dyson s hope for generating wealth in the world s poor villages the sun for cheap solar power, genetic engineering for better crop plants, and the Net to end rural isolation.For example, he presents the hope of engineering trees that convert sunlight to liquid fuel and deliver the fuel directly to underground pipelines A neat solution to declining oil reserves, if it works Dyson cheerfully admits his record as a prophet is mixed, but it is better to be wrong than to be vague Fresh and unexpected insights are a frequent pleasure in this and other Dyson books For instance, he describes his mother and aunts prosperous British matrons all who, in the interval between the World Wars, accomplished such things as opening a birth control clinic, managing a large hospital, winning an Olympic medal, and pioneering aviation in Africa it was considered normal at the time for middle class women to do something spectacular They were able to do this only with the support of a large servant class The introduction of labour saving appliances helped to emancipate the servants, but left middle class women less free than before, a general pattern, says Dyson the burdens of equalization fall disproportionately on women Dyson is a lifelong space enthusiast, though things haven t gone that well lately for space fans we look at the bewildered cosmonauts struggling to survive in the Mir space station Obviously they are not going anywhere except, if they are lucky, down But in the long term, prospects are brighter, as we await the finding of a cheap way up and out of the gravity well another enduring Dyson insight He reports recent successful tests of a laser launcher and a ram accelerator, the latter a proposed 750 foot gas gun and a direct descendent of Jules Verne s cannon launched spacecraft in From the Earth to the Moon 1865 As in all cheap launch methods, the trick is to keep the fuel on the ground, not in the spacecraft With cheap spaceflight, people will spread out into the solar system and beyond Why Because it is there some folks just have itchy feet Others will belong to unpopular religions, or be on the run, or any of the countless other things that have always motivated emigrants.Dyson, unusually for a theoretician, has always been tinker than thinker He cites Thomas Kuhn s classic Structure of Scientific Revolutions 1962, revised edition 1970 as an example of a fellow physicist with the opposite bent, emphasizing ideas over things Of course, both are important but some of Kuhn s followers put forward the idea that science is about power struggles, not new ideas Dyson once upbraided Kuhn about this at a conference Kuhn reacted angrily One thing you have to understand I am not a Kuhnian Freeman Dyson is my favourite scientist writer I know of no one else who combines his clarity of thought, graceful use of language, big ideas expressed modestly, and sense of history If you haven t yet read Dyson, The Sun, the Genome, and the Internet would be a fine place to start My 1999 review


  8. says:

    This slim book has some of the finest science writing I ve read yet It elegantly and concisely talks about three complex scientific revolutions that will drive technology this century A little dated since it came out 10 years ago but Dyson a friend of Feynman s and himself revered in the science community has a reverence for applicable science that makes it thrilling even to the lay person His subtle and not so subtle lessons on the social impact of technology enrich the story further.Eye opener Technology does not equal social justices for all History may show technologies becoming famous for who it frees but not for whom it enslaves One example, home appliances in the early mid 1900s freed the servant class allowing their next generation to go the college while enslaving the educated, middle class mom Another example, Gutenberg s printing press books schools students allowed to attend schools, freeing those who were confined to seeking knowledge in the monastery except women who weren t allowed in schools but now could no longer get a good education through the church.Snoozer The last 10 pages on reprogenetics , i.e Gattaca Between the movie and further breakthroughs in cloning and stem cell therapy in the last decade, his contribution here is overdone and overscaled in terms of centuries where new species will be created based on our newfound ability for conscious selection A little too much extrapolation for my taste.


  9. says:

    Another quick and engaging read Basically a collection of lectures reformated into prose, this book lists a few of Dyson s predictions for the 21st century it was published in 1999 Some of his predictions are spot on, like the success of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey which is in it s 3rd iteration now , some missed the mark slightly, like his prediction that the Human Genome project would take much longer than planned it had it s first great success 2 years ahead of schedule , and some, mainly his predictions for the developments in genetic engineering around the end of the century, are quite wild, though theoretically plausible, so you never know Dyson s own clear writing and direct admission that he, like most who attempt to predict the future, is likely wrong both make the outlandish prediction go down smoothly and make the whole thing enjoyable to read.


  10. says:

    It is a short read, only 118 pages, informative, and easy to understand Published in the year 1999, the author scientist gives realistic hope, relevant to this day, as to the advancement of society and technology as a whole Freeman J Dyson does seem very well grounded in the aspects of solar energy, and has some interesting views on space expeditions, including very frozen fish circling Saturn In my opinion, the book has a good amount of thought provoking insight.